Nigerian Journal of Rural Sociology (NJRS), 24( 1): 51 - 57 , 2024

Determinants of migrantsí livelihood security in rural areas in Ogun state, Nigeria

Mustapha, B. I., Adejumo, A. A., Yekinni, O. T., Taiwo, A. O.


Migrants in rural areas face multifaceted challenges during which they engage in a range of activities to secure their livelihood. This study examined the determinants of migrantsí livelihood security in rural areas in Ogun State. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to obtain data from 129 migrants using a well-structured interview schedule. Data were gathered on socio-economic characteristics, perceived livelihood activities, livelihood assets, and livelihood security. Data were analysed using frequency count, percentages, and linear regression. Results showed that the mean age was 40 years, majority (60.5%) were male, (38.8%) had spent between 1 to 9 years in the community, (81.4%) were members of a social group and 40.3% had left their home community between 12 to 22 years. A high percentage (81.4%) migrated due to improved employment opportunities, 58.8% were involved in food crop production while 51.2% of the respondents had high livelihood assets. The migrants had insecure livelihood security. Length of stay in the community (fl= 0.193), livelihood activities engaged in (fl= 0.248), and livelihood assets (fl= 0.454) determined respondents' livelihood security. Migrantsí length of stay in the community, livelihood activities engaged in, and livelihood assets acquired influenced respondentsí livelihood security. The study therefore recommends that migrants should be involved in more than one livelihood activity and also stay longer in their host community to better secure their livelihood.

Keywords: Livelihood security, migrants, livelihood assets, livelihood activities