Privacy, Copyrights, and Licensing Policies

To protect the legal rights and interests of both the journal and authors and in addition to clarify the copyright property and ownership of the journal and authors, the following statement regarding manuscript copyright is made:

  1. The authors declare that they have not submitted the paper for publication anywhere else and that the submitted article has not been published previously.
  2. The authors should declare that the submitted paper is their original work, it does not infringe any rights or disclose any secrets, and that no disputes of intellectual property shall arise about the ranking of author names, and it does not contain or include material taken from other copyrighted sources. Wherever such materials have been included, they must be identified by quotation marks and/or proper citation of such sources.
  3. After publication in the journal, authors retain the copyright of articles. Authors also transfer the copyright to the journal to publish the article, use it for indexing, and store it on the journal website for public use.
  4. All published works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. It means that authors reserve all proprietary rights such as patent rights and the right to copy and redistribute the material of published works in any medium or format. Also, they have the right to use all or part of the article in their future works (e.g., lectures, press releases, and reviews of textbooks). Under the Creative Commons end user license, the readers can reuse portions or extracts from the published article in their works by including attribution to the original work and its author.
  5. Creative Common CC BY-NC - We acknowledge that research and benefit of published content will only be realised when there are no restrictions on access to, and re-use of, the information. Work made available under CC BY-NC, which allows anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the material. Work made available under CC BY-NC cannot be used for commercial purposes. The CC BY licence explicitly forbids the use of content as a form of endorsement for product advertising. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the licence but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work.


Corresponding author, co-authorship

We assume that only individuals who significantly contributed to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the reported study should be given the privilege of authorship. When other people contribute to the research study in a meaningful way, they should be acknowledged or identified as contributors. We assume that the final version of the work has been seen by all co-authors, who have given their approval and consent to its submission for publication.

If the article was jointly prepared by more than one author, any author submitting the manuscript ensures that he/she has been authorised by all co-authors to be agreed on this copyright and license notice (agreement) on their behalf and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this policy.

The journal will not be held liable for anything that may arise due to the author(s) internal dispute. The journal will only communicate with the corresponding author.


No responsibility is assumed by the publisher, nor by the editors for any injury and/or damage to persons or property because of any actual or alleged libelous statements, infringement of intellectual property or privacy rights, or product liability, whether resulting from negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any ideas, instructions, procedures, products, or methods contained in the material therein.